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Adjectives - Those Descriptive Words

Los adjetivos - palabras que describen

Spanish Adjectives

If you look in a comprehensive Spanish dictionary, you'll see that there are a few thousand adjectives in English. That's how important those descriptive words are.

Continuing with that theme, the below list of adjectives contains words to define people and objects, including words to describe both physical and personality traits.

Using them is a no-brainer: Notice how in English, we often use particular adjectives in particular occasions, or we follow grammatical rules as to which word is better to use in which context? Well, Spanish is the same. If anything, it helps to listen to native speakers, to see which words are more popular in the Spanish vocabulary. That is even better than a dozen Spanish classes in Spain.

But don't worry. That's what we are here for.

English WordSpanish WordPronunciation
tall, highaltoal-toh
short, lowbajoba-hoh
fat gordogordoh
thinflacoflackoh
wideanchoanchoh
narrowestrechostrechoh
biggrande granday
smallpequeñopeh-kaynyo
oldviejovee-yeckhoh
older (person)mayormyorr
youngjovenhoven
openabiertoabbeyertoh
closedcerradoserra-doh
unpleasantantipáticoantey-patt-icoh
pleasant, nicesimpáticosim-patt-icoh
affectionatecariñosocareen-yowsoh
strictestrictoeh-strictoh
studiousestudiosoeh-stoodiosoh
generousgenerosoghenerosoh
intelligentinteligentein-tell-ih-ghentey
independentindependientein-de-pen-deeyente
happyfelizfeh-leeth
sadtristetristay
proudorgullosoor-gooh-yowsoh
embarrassedavergonzadoa-furgon-thahdoh
shytímidotimm-eedoh
outgoingextrovertidoex-troh-vur-teedoh
richricoreekoh
poorpobrepobray
educatededucadoed-you-cahdoh
rudegroserogrow-sare-oh
prettybonitoboh-neetoh
goodlookingguapowap-poh
uglyfeofayoh
oddrarorarroh
strangeextrañoex-tranyoh
cheap / stingytacañotah-canyoh
gorgeouspreciosopreh-thee-yowsoh
disgustingasquerosoass-ker-owsoh
goodbuenobwennoh
badmalomalow

Note that all the words that end in 'o' can also end in 'a' if they refer to a feminine object.

For example. la chica buena, el perro malo (the good girl, the bad dog).

In most cases too, you'll see that the adjective follows the object it is describing. There are a few exceptions to this where the meaning is changed, but the best way to learn about that is to learn Spanish in Spain, so you can hear many different examples and see how you can use your Spanish vocabulary in the appropriate context.