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Other Countries

Otros países

Countries

One of the most confusing things about learning this language is having to learn different pronunciations for country names and nationalities. Their etymology is respected, so they always look more or less similar in every language. But, in the case of Spanish vocabulary, they are tweaked to adapt to Spanish morphology.

A usual symptom in a beginner is not getting countries' names right. Which is ironic, because as a foreigner studying Spanish abroad, other countries and travels are the most habitual topic of conversation. So, as a remedy for this flaw, here is a small list of the countries' names that are the most different in Spanish.

Familiarizing yourself with it will be a substantial improvement in your Spanish vocabulary.

English WordSpanish WordPronunciation
GermanyAlemaniaalleh-manya
AntarcticaAntártidaan-tarr-teedah
AustriaAustriaauw-streeyah
BelgiumBélgicabell-hee-ckah
BrazilBrasilbrah-sill
BulgariaBulgariabul-gahree-ah
CanadaCanadákannah-dah
CyprusChiprecheep-ree
DenmarkDinamarcadeener-markah
ScotlandEscociaeh-skothee-ah
SlovakiaEslovakiaess-loh-vackee-ah
SloveniaEsloveniaess-loh-veenee-ah
SpainEspañaess-panyah
FranceFranciafran-thee-yah
WalesGalesgah-less
GreeceGreciagreh-theey-ah
HungaryHungríaung-gree-yah
EnglandInglaterrain-gla-tair-rah
IrelandIrlandaeer-land-ah
IcelandIslandiaiss-landee-ah
LuxembourgLuxemburgoluck-sem-boor-goh
MoroccoMarruecosmah-rooh-wekkoss
New ZealandNueva Zelandanwevah theh-landah
NetherlandsPaíses Bajospie-eesses bakhos
PolandPoloniapoh-lownee-ah
RumaniaRumaníaroo-manee-ah
U.K.Reino Unidoray-no ooh-nidow
United StatesEstados Unidosess-tah-dos ooh-nee-doss
USAEEUUeh eh ooh ooh
South AfricaSudáfricasoo-daff-reeckah
SwedenSueciasoo-ethee-ah
SwitzerlandSuizasweeythee-ah

You may want to try out these words in such contexts as:

¿Dónde has estado? (don-day as estahdo) Where have you been?

He estado en... (eh estahdo en...) I have been to...
Conozco... (koh-noth-koh...) I know...
Mi país favorito es... (me pie-eess fah-vor-eetoh ess...) My favourite country is...