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Days of the Week

Los días de la semana

Days

The seven-day week of Western time reckoning came into use at least two millenia ago and since then has diffused to nearly all inhabited areas of the globe. The names of the days and of the week have been borrowed by many languages, specially for the past 500 years, from Arabic, English, French, Portuguese and Spanish.

Don't expect, however, for these names to be similar from one language to another. English is a Germanic language and Spanish is a Romance one. There are substantial differences in this area, and it is imperative to know them when learning Spanish.

Whether you are planning to stay in Spain for a long time, or just briefly visiting, these are among the most essential words in the Spanish vocabulary you will need. They are a key part of every logistic planning -- and logistics are a huge part of being abroad. You need to be able to say, "I'm going to Andalucia on Friday so I need my Granada travel guide by Wednesday!"

English WordSpanish WordPronunciation
Mondaylunesloo-ness
Tuesdaymartesmar-tess
Wednesdaymiércolesme-yeahr-ko-less
Thursdayjueveshwev-ess
Fridayviernesvee-yeahr-ness
Saturdaysábadosah-badowe
Sundaydomingodoh-mingowe
todayhoyoy
yesterdayayereye-yeahr
the day before yesterdayanteayeran-tay-eye-yeahr
tomorrowmañanaman-yah-nah
the day after tomorrowpasado mañanapa-sah-doh man-yah-nah
morningla mañanala man-yah-nah
afternoon

la tarde

la tar-day
nightla nochela no-chay
dayel díael dee-ah
weekla semanala sem-ah-nah
2 days / weeks agohace 2 días / semanasathay dos dee-urrs / sem-ahr-nurrs
next weekla semana próximala sem-ah-nah prox-im-ah
next weekla semana que vienela sem-ah-nah ke vee-enney

Unlike in English, the days of the week and months in Spanish are not written with a capital letter - of course Spanish people like to be the opposite of us - driving on the other side of the road and having different grammar rules!

Where in English we differentiate between Tuesday and Thursday as Tues and Thur or Tu and Th, the Spanish language has a similar conundrum. Both martes and miércoles begin with m, so when listing the days of the week in short, you will often see l m x j v s d, with x referring to miércoles.